Saturday, March 2, 2019

1920s Essay

1. Two philosophies, Social Darwinism and eugenics, were cardinal philosophies that affected societal compriseions from the 1900s well into the late twenties. Examine the hearty issue of Social Darwinism and eugenics. respect the consequences these two issues had for individuals and b all club in general engage how the fallacy of these two issues was brought to fresh. (6a) 2. Red flash- The U. S. experienced inflation at the end of WWI and this inflation resulted in riots and a. What main ideas prompted the Red frighten away? b. Compare and contrast the Red Scare with Social Darwinism. (6a) 3.Immigration- Immigration was a contentious issue for the country during the twenties the joined States passed the National Origins Act in 1929. a. As a citizen of the 1920s, head t individuallyer your congressional representative by assessing the sociable and scotch consequences of this act. (6a) b. Speculate on that you think what the societal repair of present day immigration poli cies is. 4. prohibition- The breastwork era was ushered in by the 18th Amendment which out legalityed the manufacture, theodolite and sales event of alcoholic beve offenses however, the 21st Amendment repealed the 18th amendment in 1933. (6a) a.Identify the ideas and the historical risquelights that led to the Prohibition era. b. Analyze the positive and negative effects of this era. 5. The Changing role of women- The school text describes the 1920s as a time of the emergence of the impudently adult female (Carnes 647). a. Evaluate the democratic means used to bring closely the transportation system of the 19th amendment. In other words, what democratic processes were utilized to achieve this mastery? (23b) b. Analyze the impact of the 19th amendment which changed the role of women? c. Preview the characteristics of the new fair sex and describe the impact that technology played in bringing about this change. 6a) d. How are womens roles changing this today and how does t hese changes affect men? 6. Urban-Rural conflicts emerged during the 1920s and one of these conflicts was fundamentalism. Fundamentalists rejected the guess of evolution as well as advanced the hypotheses on the origins of the universe. (Carnes 653). Part of rejecting this theory was to prevent schools from teaching the theory of evolution in science classes. a. Describe the court case mentioned in chapter 24 that tested this issue. b. Distinguish between the roles played by Clarence Darrow and William Jennings. c.Think critically about the evidence presented by both lawyers and prepare questions that you would have asked them had you been the evaluate in this case. 7. New Technology flourished during the 1920s and brought a measure of successfulness to the country. Among the new technology was the machinemobile industry which thrived during the 1920s as a result of consumer demands. a. Assess the impact that Henry Ford had on the auto industry and on American society. (6b) b. A ssess the impact that the automobile had on society. 8. Aviation Technology- The Great War hastened the evolution of airplane technology.Many new pilots showed hit their zephyr skills performing aerial acrobats and other adventurous feats at county shows in the 1920s. But an early aviation pioneer, Charles Lindberg, achieved a different type of aviation accomplishment in the 1920s. a. Examine the impact that this event and Lindberg had on the crossway line of aviation and on American society. Thinking Critically In a paragraph, synthesize your thoughts about the cause and effect of the significant events, social issues and individuals of the 1920 consider how this ex contributed to the history of the United States and the identity of its citizens.Intro (revise) The 1920s enabled the United States to excise a greater economic role on the world stage. hostile the major European index fingers at the time, the U. S. did not have to rebuild its economic infrastructure following W orld War I, enabling it to flourish and stage influence all over many aspects of life during this decade. This included an increase in item production, the emergence of the automobile and the radio, and changes in American social and ethnical life. The 1920s were an important decade in American history.This would be the decade that laid the foundation for the journey that would propel the United States to the status of greatest world power. The 1920s had an impact on all parts of the American development. Consider Ninety years ago, the United States was a different place. at that place were 107 million peck living here life expectancy was 54 years for men and 55 for women the average annual salary was $1,236, and gangland crime was rampant in major cities. The Ford automobile was muddle produced and one could be had for $290 although it took 13 days to reach California from New York due to the lack of paved roads.And, On Aug. 26, 1920, women were granted political power for t he first time. Social Darwinism/Eugenics Social Darwinism was a popular theory of society that emerged in the late 19th/early 20th century. It was the ideology that volume are the products of their social environments that poverty is in fact a social condition and that people become criminals because of social and economic conditions, etc. It actual the belief that societys problems were not caused by oppressive economic conditions, but sort of that social problems were caused by genetic smallity.This was adopted by many squiffy and upper-class Americans and was related to the development of the ideology of Social Darwinism, the idea that veritable people were genetically practically fit and that the more than fit lawfully hadthe right to rule the inferior. The idea that poverty, crime and ignorance are a product of social conditions was a threat to the dominant allele members of society because the call was for these dominant members of society to reform their ways to c a-ca increased equality for all people.It is out of all of these ideas that the American eugenics programs began, funded by wealthy Americans such as Andrew Carnegie and John Rockefeller. The idea was that people were natural poor or born criminal, etc. They were bad seeds, and thus the problem of poverty was not unfeignedly a social problem, it was a problem of bloodline, to be fixed by selective elevation programs, forced sterilization, and the maintenance of racial purity. racial purity was the idea that races should not mix out of the fear that if whites and blacks ixed the inferior black bloodline would corrupt the white bloodline, leading to more crime, poverty, and ignorance. mingled with 1900 and 1930 in the United States, support for eugenics continued to grow. The fallacy of selective breeding in humans was that realized when the wealthy were suddenly poor, and the universe of genocide had demonstrated the extreme end of eugenicsin other words, with the puff of the Great Depression and the rise of Adolf Hitler in Nazi Germany, which ushered in the Holocaust.But the diarrhoea of eugenics in the United States was a slow process, because racial discrimination persisted. unbidden sterilization laws, enacted in the early 1900s, were finally repealed in 1979. The Red Scare The Red Scare of 1919 occurred at a time when the American people felt threatened by the rising tide of Communism in Russia, widespread labor unrest, and the often bizarre forms of Anarchism and Anarcho-syndicalism that were supported by more or little recent immigrants from Southern and Eastern Europe.The Scare itself was caused by the revelation in April of that year that a militant Communist group existed in the United States, and that it was plotting to send mail bombs to a identification number of prominent figures in the organisation (Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, for example) and several rich capitalists (J. P. Morgan and John D. Rockefeller, among othe rs). On June second 1919, bombs exploded in eight different cities within an hour of each other. One of the targets was Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer, whose home was bombed. He was unharmed, but very(prenominal) angry The most important government response was the beginning of the Palmer Raids.These were a series of mass arrests and deportations of immigrants who were suspected of being Communists or radicals. Between 4,000 and 10,000 individuals were arrested over the next two years. (J. Edgar vacuum-clean, only 24 at the time, was placed in charge of the Raids). Prisoners were questioned without access to attorneys and their bail was often set so high none could afford it. Many were beaten during their arrest or questioning. The raids were ab initio highly praised by the public and press. In the early years of the 1920s, the scare seemed to disappear as quickly as it had begun. ImmigrationPassed in 1924, this law placed a limit on immigration. Americans were becoming outra ged at the amount of jobs they were losing to immigrants and there was also a wide-spread panic of potential spies amongst the immigrants. The act sharply restricted the total number of immigrants who could come to the United States and open up quotas for various nationality groups. The chief purpose of the act was to limit the number of less desirable immigrants from southern and eastern Europe and from Japan, many of whom had played a vital role in the nations industrial development. The ProhibitionProhibition was a period of nearly fourteen years of U. S. history in which the manufacture, sale, and transportation of liquor was made illegal. It led to the first and only time an Amendment to the U. S. organization was repealed. After the American Revolution, drinking was on the rise. To combat this, a number of societies were organized as part of a new Temperance parkway which attempted to dissuade people from becoming intoxicated. At first, these organizations pushed moderation , but subsequently several decades, the endeavours focus changed to complete prohibition of alcohol consumption.The Temperance movement blamed alcohol for many of societys ills, specially crime and murder. Saloons, a social haven for men who lived in the still untamed West, were viewed by many, especially women, as a place of debauchery and evil. Prohibition, members of the Temperance movement urged, would surrender husbands from spending all the family income on alcohol and prevent accidents in the body of work caused by workers who drank during lunch. Changing Role of Women The Nineteenth Amendment gave women the right to vote.It was proposed on June 4, 1919 and validate on August 18, 1920. Consequently, the impact of this was enormousit gave to women the same power and chasteness that men had, although still held back by the values of the day. But it did create a strong influence and created a cultural impact. It gave women of the era more confidence and a sense that they could accomplish more. and a thirst for more freedoms in a world where previously they were considered second class and only as a mans property. The lifestyle changes of the 1920s showed how big and important that impact was.Women became much more confident and wanted to utilize this new power in other areas, too. They gave up many of the controlling aspects of the Victorian age, from the long and buttoned up clothes to new aspects of personal freedomthey started to live extracurricular the confines of being a wife and homemakerwomen got jobs outside the home, they started compete sports, they shortened their dressed and bobbed their hairand had fun The Roaring Twenties was a new age, and an age where women first started enjoying more freedom and influence.That has continued on to this day, although there is still work needed to level the playing depicted object between men and women. Technology He had a huge impact on society by inventing and mass producing the Model-T car, whic h made cars all the rage from that point onward. He is basically the father of the modern auto industry. He also helped America out of the Depression when he contributed to build the Hoover Dam, which at the time when it was built was the largest hydro-electric dam in the world.Aviation Technology Charles A. Lindbergh did not just open a passageway to Europe he capable up the hopes and interests of people who never thought they would see beyond their Continental boundaries. His passage opened up possibilities. Prior to Lindberghs transatlantic flight, it seemed turn on was confined to the ground or the sea and even cars and wagons were blocked by waterways or treacherous terrain, and boats exposed to rough seas. Travel had boundaries rior to Lindberghs flight across the Atlantic, but after his flight people could see beyond those boundaries. Works Cited Social Darwinism Consequences http//rationalrevolution. net/articles/rise_of_american_fascism. htm http//www. vectorsite. net/ta evo_05. html Fallacy brought to light http//www. freemarketfoundation. com/ShowArticle. asp? ArticleType=Publication&ArticleID=170 http//immigration. laws. com/national-origins-act

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