Thursday, February 7, 2019
Two Views of Affirmative Action Essay -- Affirmative Action Race Essay
Two Views of Affirmative ActionWe hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men atomic number 18 created equal. Even before it became a nation, America was heralded as a land of par. Thomas Jeffersons literary argument begs more than a few nouss, one of which is How can we ensure equality to everyone? Beginning in the late 1960s, the federal government provided an answer to this question in the form of approbative action. In recent years, many mass have called this policy into question. Interestingly, favorable action is sometimes attacked by the stack it helps, and defended by those it hurts. In particular, two recent essays demonstrate that peoples race does not necessarily determine their beliefs on the issue of assentient action. Why I Believe in Affirmative Action is by Paul R. Spickard, a white man who is defending affirmative action, while A forbid Vote on Affirmative Action is by Shelby Steele, an African-American who is contend the program. When the two essay s are considered as responses to each other, Steeles logical explanations of the effects and implications of affirmative action expose the flaws in Spickards ethical arguments supporting it.Both authors complex body part their arguments to collecting to their respective audiences. Since Spickards essay is written for Christianity Today, he makes a pickle of ethical appeals that a Christian audience could easily relate to. Steele, on the other hand, is writing for The New York Times Magazine, so he relies on logic that would appeal to a more general audience. Spickard begins his ethical appeal by establishing his credibility through focusing on his support of affirmative action even though he has been denied employment because of the program. He says, I a... ...demonstrating the absurdity of trying to make up for what our ancestors did. According to Steele, these attempts to pay for the wrongs of our ancestors obtain out of a need to impose on the world a degree of justice that simply does not exist. In other words, affirmative action seeks to correct wrongs that cannot be corrected because the people who were involved are no longer living.When Spickards essay is examined alone, its arguments are quite convincing. However, Steeles essay efficaciously addresses the arguments of his opposition. As a result, his essay becomes much more effective than Spickards, because he is able to point out all of the faults in Spickards arguments. When these essays are admit together and compared to each other, Steeles logic is much more convincing than Spickards moral appeal, and exposes the flaws in the affirmative action program.