The cognitive interview was created by Fisher and Gieselman in 1992, the cognitive interview is a memory retrieval technique which aims to hold out more accurate information from eye witnesses. It consists of quad stages: Report everything: The interviewee is asked to mentally recreate the environment from the original calamity including weather conditions and their feelings. Report everything: The interviewee is asked to report every single note of the incident even if it may seem irrelevant. Changing the narrate: theyre asked to recall the incident in reverse order, this is to stop them relying on their schemas when recalling. Recall from changed perspective: this is where they be asked to imagine they were somewhere else or someone else recalling based on their point of view. There be a number of studies that demonstrate the positive effectiveness of the cognitive interview; kohnken conducted a meta analysis of 53 studies and found a 34% increase in correct recall victimisation CI compared to the standard interview. This was supported by Geiselman et al who conducted a ascertain to see the effectiveness of the cognitive interview compared to traditionalistic interview techniques.
Videos of violent crimes were shown to students where two days later they were whatever asked to recall using the standard interview or the cognitive interview. The students remembered more items when interviewers used the cognitive interview compared to the standard interview. This say demonstrates that the Cognitive Interview technique is more effective than the banal interview procedures for retrieving accurate testimonies. The cognit! ive interview, however, involves an in depth geographical expedition of the interviewees experiences which can be stressful or traumatic thence it is essential that the interviewees are ensured protection from harm; this is an honourable issue. Geiselmans studies were science laboratory experiments therefore they lack ecological validness as the participants are not as emotionally aroused...If you wish to get a full essay, order it on our website: OrderCustomPaper.com
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